The curriculum in music schools is designed in such a way as to give the student the most versatile idea of music, to educate in it not only a skillful performer, but also a competent listener, an aesthetically developed creative personality. Subjects such as solfeggio and musical literature largely help to solve these problems.
Solfeggio is a subject in which a lot of time is devoted to the study of musical literacy, the development of hearing, musical thinking, memory.
The main forms of work in these lessons:
singing from notes (develops the skill of fluent reading of notes, as well as internal "pre-hearing" of what is written down in notes);
analysis of the elements of music by ear (music is considered as a language with its own rules and patterns, students are invited to identify individual consonances and their beautiful chains by ear);
musical dictation (musical notation of a melody heard for the first time or a well-known melody from memory);
singing exercises (develops the skills of pure intonation - that is, pure singing, helps to master more and more new elements of musical speech);
singing in an ensemble (joint singing is an effective means of developing hearing, as it forces students to adapt to each other, so that the result is a beautiful combination of voices);
creative tasks (composition of melodies, songs, selection of accompaniment and many other useful skills that make you feel like a real professional).